When a tendon becomes irritated, inflamed or swollen the result is called tendonitis. Tendons are the structures that join the muscle to the bone. Tendonitis can be the result of an acute injury, but is more often caused by repetitive movements or strains placed upon an area of the body. Some of the most conditions that result from tendonitis are Achilles heel, plantar fasciitis, and rotator cuff injury. Many times if bursitis occurs, the close proximity of the tendon to the bursae causes tendonitis as well.
Sports, athletic or even work-related activities can result in this painful condition. Unfortunately, many times these problems start out small but eventually become chronic and debilitating.
Medications and injections are often prescribed to help ease pain and inflammation. However, physical therapy can be very beneficial in the treatment of these conditions. A physical therapist can help to assess and identify the causes of the stress and strain to the area. Individualized stretching and exercises can be implemented and recommended for home. These plans can help to maintain strength and range of motion during recovery. The healing process can also be accelerated as inflammation is reduced and circulation is improved. Therapeutic modalities such as heat and ice may be utilized. Technologic devices such as short wave diathermy, ultrasound and electrical stimulation can also significantly reduce pain and inflammation as well as accelerate the healing process.
A combination of manual techniques, stretching, exercise plans and technological devices can help individuals to overcome the pain and discomfort associated with these conditions.